Secrets of a Perfect Underside

A perfect underside is one of the required qualities of a good finished embroidery work. However, making the finished work's underside look nice and neat, without extra knots and threads, is a challenge not only for beginners but for experienced embroiderers as well.

 As a rule, many beginners do not pay due attention to the underside since finished embroidery will be framed and its back won't be visible. But still try to keep it accurate. Whether you have enough threads in the set, or if your work comes out skewed totally depends on the underside. In case you accidentally make a mistake, it will be easier to correct an error in the embroidery if the underside is neat. While framing the embroidery into a baguette, especially pulling or adhering it to a board, the picture might be uneven because of a sloppy underside. Knots, long thread ends left on the underside, show up on the front side as bumps at uneven surface.

 The ideal underside requires patience and certain skills, so here are the key steps to it:

- proper thread fixing at the beginning and end of the work

 There are several ways to fix the thread without knots at the start. The most popular is the loop method. To make it one has to insert the half-folded thread into a needle with a crease at the end. Then pierce the fabric (from the underside or front side), and pull the thread to another side, leaving out only a small loop. Make a stitch and pulling a needle into that loop tighten the thread.

 Fixing the thread at the end of the row is also an important moment in the embroidery. A thread is fixed by dragging under the embroidered stitches on the underside of the embroidery. The thread is to be pulled under 2 or 3 cross-stitches.

- correct work principle

 Make sure to keep all underside stitches done in the same direction. For that, embroider a number of stitches to one diagonal, and then to another. If the crosses are correct, there are vertical or horizontal stitches on the underside (depending on diagonal order). If the crosses are wrong (embroidered one after another) there are extra diagonal stitches on the underside which increases the thread length. Thus, you may run out of threads if you are using an embroidery set.

- no longer than 2 cm broaches

 Sometimes it is necessary to move the thread into the distance in your work. Such transfers are possible, but no longer than 4 to 5 crosses. When moving from one piece of embroidery to another, don't make thread broaches on the underside longer than 2 to 3 cm, otherwise the embroidery will be ridge. It is better to cut the thread and fix it again on another place.

- cutting the thread ends

 After fixing the thread at the end of the row, cut it leaving 0.5 to 0.7 cm